The Basciliscus plumifrons inhabits the rainforests of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama at the Caribbean side. You will find them mostly in trees, bushes, rocks, logs and riverbanks. It seems that they prefer spots shaded by trees and bushes, a little hidden from the view. If you approach them, they remain motionless, if you approach too closely they run away at their hind legs, across the water or into dense bushes. The Basciliscus plumifrons can cross the water for quite some distance, like they run over land. A narrow seam of skin, which runs around each toe, forms a moveable flap that is expanded when its foot is pressed onto the water, thus creating a larger surface area. The force that the basilisk puts into the downward movement of its foot, produces an upward pressure that keeps him from sinking. When the basilisk presses its foot down onto the water, an air-filled pocket is formed around the foot. This pocket quickly fills with water, so the basilisk must rapidly withdraw its foot to prevent from having to ‘plough’ through the water. As the foot retracts, the moveable skin-flaps on the toes fold down against the sides of the toes to reduce friction against the air. This combined pressure allows the basilisk to run on water with a speed of 8 to 10 km an hour. Young bascilisks can run larger distances on the water before sinking. This ability gave them the name of Jesus Christ lizards. The Basiliscus plumifrons is an excellent swimmer, often he simply escapes by swimming away. Once is observed that a Basciliscus plumifrons remained 2 hours submerged before emerging again.
Mostly you see the Basciliscus plumifrons in the lowlands, below 500 m, although there are some observations of them at an altitude of 1200 m. They need a quite large territory, you seldom see adult males in one others vicinity, but you see often one or two females in its vicinity.